The variety in the types of lentils
gives a wide choice to the vegetarians. Lentils are a very important
part of healthy vegetarian diet food.
Lentil nutrition includes the much required proteins for the vegetarians along with other nutrients. Pulses, beans, dals, legumes are part of the lentil family.
Lentils are available with or without husks. Lentils are also available whole as well as split. Use them according to your choice.
Both whole as well as split are quick cooking and nutrition filled but the whole lentils with their husks (skins, covers) are more nutritious. So use whole lentils whenever possible.
The split lentil is the lentil where the lentil is split in half. It may be with the husk or without the husk.
The split lentil is referred to as dal, daal or dhal in Indian languages.
Whole lentils take a little longer to cook than the split lentils because they have husks. But they are more nutritious and if you are using pressure cooker to cook them, they cook very quickly.
Lentil curry can be made with whole as well as split lentils.
Split lentils are quick cooking so are used a lot in lentil soup recipes. They are used to thicken any kind of soups too.
Both whole as well as split lentils are used in lentil salad recipes.
Below you will find the whole lentil as well as split lentil types with their English and Indian names. All these types
of lentils are commonly used world over.
Brown chickpea - Chana - Bengal gram
Green chick pea - hara chana
Whole black lentil - Black gram - Urad bean
Whole red lentil - masoor - masur
Cow pea, black eyed pea or bean - Lobia or chowli / chavli
Fresh Pigeon pea, Toor, Toovar, Arahar
Pigeon pea, Yellow lentils - Toor, Toovar, Arahar dal
So the Indian Dal which you get in restaurants is made with a variety of whole or split lentil.It may be referred to as tadka dal or dal fry
The dals are
referred according to the variety of lentil that is split.
The Indian word dal (daal - dahl - dhal) reefers to the split lentil variety.
Split red lentil - masoor dal
Split green lentil- moong dal, mung dal, green gram dal
Split chickpeas - chana dal, bengal gram dal
Split Roasted chickpeas - bhuna chana - puthane - hurigadale - pottu kadale
Split black lentil with skin - urad dal
Split and skinned black lentil - urad dal, white lentil
Dahi Vada - A cool snack with urad dal (white lentil) and yogurt.
If you are wondering how to cook lentils, you will find many
Lentil Recipes on this website.