Alphabetical list of vegetables

With Pictures of vegetables

Here is alphabetical list of vegetables for you. You will also find pictures of vegetables here.

We have received emails from students, housewives and other visitors telling us how they find this vegetable list useful. We appreciate the feedback and suggestions.

This a list of culinary vegetables

That is, some of these are actually fruits but are used as vegetables.

So they are included in this list.

We are still adding to this vegetable list.

If you have any other vegetables in your part of the world, please send us the name and the picture (if possible) so that we can add it to this list.

If any vegetable is missing, let us know by using our contact form.

Eat Your Vegetables and Be Healthy!

Alphabetical list of vegetables



- Flowery part of a plant. Used in Europe.

ash gourd, white gourd, petha, boodh kumbalkai, kohalaAsh gourd / white gourd

- petha - boodh kumbalkai, kohala


- flowering plant species . Only the young shoots of asparagus are eaten.

It has medicinal properties that help in cleansing and healing.

Aubergine in England, Brinjal in India  and Eggplant in AmericaAubergine - Brinjal - Eggplant

It is a fruit of a plant and use as a vegetable.

Go to eggplant recipes


green Beans -  french beansBeans - green Beans - french beans

legume plants. A variety of beans are available in different
sizes, shapes and colors.

French beans, runner beans.

Go to Green beans recipes

Beet / BeetrootBeet - Beetroot

- Tubers

Go to beet - beetroot recipes

red, orange, yellow, green bell peppersred, orange, yellow, green bell peppers

- see Capsicum.

Bitter Gourd - karela - karleBitter Gourd - Karela -Karle

flat beans - broad beans - vaal papdiflat beans - broad beans - vaal papdi

Broad beans - Known as flat beans, field beans

In Indian languages,chapparada avrekai (Kannada), ghevda (Marathi), vaal papdi (Gujarati) etc.


Brussels sproutsBrussels sprouts

Butternut SquashButternut Squash

has recently grown in popular in the United Kingdom and other countries.


chayote - chowchowchayote - chowchow

Chayote - Known as cho-cho, sayote, pipinola, pear squash, vegetable pear, and choko, Bangalore brinjal, Squash

In Indian languages, seeme badnekai/ chow chow (Kannada), Vilayati vangi (Marathi),  Maerakkai/ chow chow/ Bangalore kathrikai(Tamil), 

Capsicum - Available in red, green, orange and yellow varieties. Called Pepper in America.

In India green capsicum is commonly available.

Celeriac / Celery rootCeleriac / Celery root

Celeriac / Celery root - Can be eaten raw or cooked.

It stores less starch compared to other root vegetables


Celery - leaves, seeds, stalks are used in cooking.

Negative calorie food.

Red ChardRed Chard

Chard - Similar to beets.

With green leaves and red stems.

Used in salads.

Cluster beans - Gavar - GorikaiCluster beans - Gavar - Gorikai

Cluster beans - Gavar - Gorikai


Collards - This leafy green vegetable is also known as tree-cabbage and is rich in
vitamins and minerals.

Corn / MaizeCorn / Maize

Corn / Maize - North American native vegetable.

Cress - small peppery sprouts. Known as Halim(Hindi), Aliv(Marathi),  alavibija/ allibija (Kannada) etc.

Cauliflower / Phool gobi / hookosuCauliflower / Phool gobi / hookosu

Cauliflower / Phool gobi / hookosu - Cabbage family vegetable. Mostly the white head is eaten raw or cooked.
The leaves and the stem also can be eaten.

Go to cauliflower recipes

Cabbage - Gobi - Kobi - KosuCabbage - Gobi - Kobi - Kosu

Cabbage - Gobi - Kobi - Kosu is available in green and purple varieties.

Used to make subji, snacks, salads etc.

Go to cabbage recipes

Carrot - Gajar - Gajjari is a root vegetable. Available in orange, red, yellowish varieties. 

Used to make sweets, salads, snacks, vegetable side dishes.

Go to  Carrot recipes

green cucumberGreen cucumber

Green cucumber - Traditionally used raw in salads.

The cucumber grows quickly and holds lots of water. Good to use in summer salads.

Go to cucumber recipes


Dill - shepu - suvaDill - shepu - suva

- Leafy green dill is good for digestion. Dill leaves can be used raw in salads or cooked along with lentils.

drumstick moringadrumstick moringa shevgyachay shenga, nuggekai

- Morianga or drumstick is known as Sehajan/sahajan ki phalli(Hindi), shevgyachya shenga (Marathi), Nuggekai (Kannada), Muringakkai (Tamil) .

Leaves, flowers and pods are used in cooking. Very nutritious and has medicinal properties too.


Eggplant - Brinjal - Aubergin
Eggplant - Brinjal - Aubergin

Eggplant - Brinjal - Aubergin


Fenugreek leaves - MethiFenugreek leaves - Methi

Fenugreek leaves are  known as Methi (Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujrati, Konkani, Oriya).

Menthye soppu (Kannada), vendhaya keerai(Tamil), mentu akulu(Telugu).

fennel shepu suvaFennel - Shepu - Suva

 - Shepu /  Suva - helps digestions


GourdsA variety of gourds

Gourds - It is a fruit vegetable. Bitter gourd, bottle gourd, white gourd, snake gourd, cucumbers, squashes, and melons.


Hyacinth / Lablab Bean / Flat Beans / Field BeansHyacinth / Lablab Bean / Flat Beans / Field Beans

Hyacinth / Lablab Bean / Flat Beans / Field Beans

In other Indian languages it is known as chapparadavare, chikkadikai (Kannada), avari, mochai (Tamil), anumulu, chikkudu (Telugu), mochakotta (Malayalam), sem, ballar (Hindi), val papdi (Gujarati), pavta, val (Marathi), lilva.

The skin is removed and the seeds/beans are used. The skin is not edible by us. Skin is used as cattle feed.

Hyacinth / Lablab Bean / Flat Beans / Field Beans - After removing skin

Known as avarekalu/ avarekai(Kannada), pavta (Marathi). The beans after the outer skins removed are used in snacks, curries, rice dishes etc.


Ivy gourd - tondli - tendli - kovai - tindora - donda kaya - tonde kai



Kales is a variety of cabbage but the leaves do not form a head.

Grows in cool climate.

Kohlrabi - Knolkol - NavalkolKohlrabi - Knolkol - Navalkol

Kohlrabi - knolkol - Navalkol is a member of the turnip family.

It can be either purple or white.

Go to the top  of this alphabetical list of vegetables page



Lettuce - lots of green leaves used as a mainstay of


Leeks -  The national vegetable of Wales.



Mushrooms - not technically a vegetable, but a far older member of the plant kingdom.

Mushrooms do not use sunlight to produce energy, hence they have a completely different range of tastes than any other vegetable.

Mustard greens - Sarson ke patteMustard greens - Sarson ke patte

Mustard greens - Sarson ke patte / saag

katuku keerai (Tamil), Ava akulu (Telugu), mohorichi pane (Marathi), etc.


Okra - Gumbo - Lady's finger - BhindiOkra - Gumbo - Lady's finger - Bhindi

Okra - also called 'ladies fingers' or gumbo.

Ethiopia and is a North
African staple, is popular in Europe, Asia and America.

Onion varietiesOnion varieties

Onion - Available in red, white. Also in small and big sized.

Go to  Onion recipes



Parsnip -  The sweet, starchy parsnip is a root vegetable.

Green peas in podPeas - green

Green peas

Bell pepper red green yellow orange - capsicumPeppers red, yellow orange, green

- These are the fruit of the Capsicum family of plants.

The hotter tasting ones are usually referred to as chilies. See bell pepper.


Potatoes - Everyone loves potatoes, a root vegetable.

Go to Potato recipes

Pumpkin - Bhopla - KadduPumpkin - Kaddu - Bhopla

Pumpkin Yellow - A popular gourd vegetable used in cooking.

In Indian languages, pumpkin is known as kaddu (Hindi), bhopla (Marathi), kumbalkai (Kannada), poosanikai (Tamil), Gummadi Kayi (Telugu) etc.

Red and green pumpkin is also available. The insides of all pumpkins is yellowish / orangish.


Red Radish, mooliRed Radish, mooli
Radish, mooliWhite Radish, mooli

Red radish / Daikon Radish - rich in ascorbic acid (vitamin C), folic acid (foliate), and Potassium, the radish is a peppery vegetable popular in western and Asian cookery. The leaves can also be eaten in salads.


Rhubarb - A plant with large leaves.

Rhubarb was originally native to
China but has been popular in Europe since Roman times.

Ridgegourd - Dodka - Hirekai - TuraiRidgegourd - Dodka - Hirekai - Turai

Ridge gourd / Luffa is known in Indian languages as dodka, turai, hirekai etc.

Rutabaga - Alternative name for Swede. Is also known as swedish turnips, yellow turnips, neeps and tumshies.

Go to the top of this alphabetical list of vegetables


Shallots - Madras onions
Shallots Madras onions Sambar onionsShallots - Madras onions - Sambar onions

Shallots are - Small onions in red and white color. Also known as Pearl onions and baby onions.

Small red onions are also known as madras onions or sambar onions.

They grow in clusters and may be roundish or elongated. They have a mild, sweetish taste and flavor.

The red baby onions can be stored for long

Spinach - PalakSpinach - Palak

Spinach / Palak - large green leaves wilt easily in a pan, Spinach contains lots
of healthy trace minerals including iron.

Go to spinach/palak recipes

Snake gourd - padval- ChichindaSnake gourd - padval - Chichinda

Snake gourd  is known as chichinda (Hind), Padval (Marathi), Padolkai/ padvalkai (Kannada), poodalankai (Tamil), potlakaya (Telugu) in Indian languages.

Snake gourd is used to make curry, dry subji with chana dal, fritters, stuffed with spices etc.


 - Butternut squash

Sweet cornSweet corn

Sweet corn - a north American native plant loved throughout the world.

Made into soup, snack.

sweet potato, gensu, ratale, shakarkandSweet potato

Sweet potato - a starchy tuber, a root vegetable.

Sweet potato is known as gensu (Kannada), ratale (Marathi), shakarkand(Hindi).

Swede - Apparently a cross between cabbages and turnips Swedes are a low calorie root vegetable


Raw green tomatoesRaw green tomatoes
Red ripe tomatoesRed ripe tomatoes

Green tomato and Red ripe tomato - a fruit, used as a vegetable .

Tomatoes are best grown yourself.

Go to Green tomato recipes

Go to Red ripe tomato recipes


Turnip - Root vegetable.

Grows in cold climates.


Watercress - very peppery small salad like leaves

ash gourd, white gourd, petha, boodh kumbalkai, kohalaAsh gourd - white gourd

Ash gourd / White gourd - Known as petha(Hindi), boodh kumbalkai(Kannada), kohala(Marathi).


Yams - Sweet starchy tuber that are popular in African, Caribbean and American cookery


Green zucchiniGreen zucchini
yellow zucchiniyellow zucchini

Green zucchini and yellow zucchini

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Related Pages to visit:

List of all vegetables - Vegetables list with indian names.

List of grains

List of fruits - Fruit list with English and Indian names

Fruit Alphabetical List - Fruit list with English names.

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